Phonics is an essential strategy that children are taught as part of the process of learning to read.
Children are taught to:
Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ unfamiliar words as they read.
From Nursery to Year 2, children receive daily phonics lessons in line with the ‘Letters and Sounds’ guidance from the Department for Education.
There are 6 phases that increase in difficulty. Content includes learning individual letter sounds, spelling words with adjacent consonants and learning ‘tricky words’ that can not be decoded phonetically.
For a brief overview of each phase please follow the link below:
The phonics session itself is divided into 4 parts (Revisit, Teach, Practise and Apply). It is a quick paced lesson that often includes the use of games, flashcards, pictures, writing sounds in the air/on whiteboards and saying them aloud.