What is Phonics?
Phonics is an essential strategy that children are taught as part of the process of learning to read.
Children are taught to:
Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ unfamiliar words as they read.
What happens in Phonics lessons?
From Nursery to Year 2, children receive daily phonics lessons in line with the ‘Letters and Sounds’ guidance from the Department for Education.
There are 6 phases that increase in difficulty. Content includes learning individual letter sounds, spelling words with adjacent consonants and learning ‘tricky words’ that can not be decoded phonetically.
For a brief overview of each phase please follow the link below:
The phonics session itself is divided into 4 parts (Revisit, Teach, Practise and Apply). It is a quick paced lesson that often includes the use of games, flashcards, pictures, writing sounds in the air/on whiteboards and saying them aloud.
What can I do at home to support my child?